10 Reasons Why Home Battery Backup Trumps Generators
More now than ever before, homeowners are looking for home battery backup to keep their power on during power outages.
This is particularly true in California, where Public Safety Power Shutoffs (PSPS) used utilities to prevent forest fires have affected tens of thousands of people.
In the past, homeowners have looked to backup gas generators to protect themselves against grid outages. These days, however, modern technology has fundamentally transformed this market, and solar paired with battery backup is the safer, cleaner, and more reliable option.
Here are 10 reasons home battery backup is better than a generator.
1. Home Battery Backup is Quiet
If you’ve heard a generator before, you know that they are horrifically noisy. In fact, generators can operate at up to 8.5 decibels, which ranks somewhere between a police whistle and lawn mower.
Not only is this annoying (for you and your neighbors), studies dating back to the 1960’s have tied noise pollution to:
- Hearing loss
- Sleep disruption
- Cardiovascular disease
- Reduced productivity in work and school
- Negative social behavior
- Annoyance reactions
Power outages can already be stressful situations, and generators can compound that stress. It’s no wonder, then, that generators are in violation of many HOA bylaws and city ordinances.
By contrast, home battery backup is completely silent. You wouldn’t be able to tell that your battery storage system was powering your home if you were standing right next to it.
Your family – and your neighbors – will thank you for keeping the peace.
2. Home Battery Backup uses Clean Energy
Diesel generators emit nitrous oxide, carbon monoxide, particulate matter, and other hydrocarbons. Propane and natural gas generators emit dangerous emissions as well.
We all know how dangerous it would be to lock yourself or your family in your garage with your car engine running, so the thought of generator emissions right next to your home should be similarly unappealing.
In fact, when Hurricane Irma hit Florida, Georgia, and North Carolina in 2017, more deaths were attributed to carbon monoxide poisoning from generators (16) than the storm itself (11).
And that’s just part of a larger trend of 900 deaths and 15,400 hospitilizations attributed to portable generators between 2005 and 2017.
Batteries emit no emissions of any kind. They’re completely sealed and will have no negative impacts on your family’s health.
3. Batteries are Smaller than Generators
While some portable generators can be quite small, built-in generators – which more closely match the capabilities of home battery backup – occupy a large footprint and can take up valuable space in your yard. If you install one of these generators, you’ll likely also need to pour a substantial concrete pad to house it.
Backup battery storage, meanwhile, is wall-mounted and does not require any construction work. Batteries only stand a few inches away from the wall and can sit comfortably alongside your solar equipment, garage shelving, etc.
4. Home Battery Backup is Instant-On
Even the best backup generators on the market take a few seconds to cycle up in the event of an outage. This delay can leave young children scared, make clocks and devices reset, and cause unnecessary stress.
If you have a portable generator that needs to be hooked up manually you have the “fun” task of firing it up in the middle of a storm or heatwave while your appliances shutoff and reset.
By contrast, circuits backup up by a battery are instantly transferred to battery power in an outage. The batteries react to outages in a fraction of a second – so quickly that clocks often won’t even blink!
In fact, Tesla ran into a problem with its Powerwall wherein the batteries kicked in so fast that homeowners didn’t even know that they had lost power. As a result, Tesla updated its mobile app to send a notification alerting homeowners to detected outages.
5. Battery Backup is Reliable
One of the biggest draws of electric vehicles is that they don’t require the expensive regular maintenance that internal combustion engines do. With EVs, oil changes are a thing of the past.
Similarly, home backup batteries require far less maintenance than generators do.
Typically, generators need to cycle at least once per month to make sure all the internal components are lubricated and operating properly. Most homeowners will also hire a technician to inspect the generator every year to make sure it’s in good working order. After all, the only thing worse than paying for a generator is having it fail to turn on when you need it the most!
Battery storage, on the other hand, requires no maintenance of any kind. Other than an occasional surface cleaning to keep the battery shining, it will not require any regular maintenance throughout its entire service life.
You can rest assured that your home battery backup will always be ready to protect you and your family at a moment’s notice.
6. Home Battery Backup Is Earthquake Proof
After an earthquake, one of the first things the local utility company will do is shut off natural gas service to prevent potential fires from ruptured gas lines.
If you’re in an earthquake-prone area like California, this can completely negate the benefit of having a built-in gas generator, as its fuel supply will be shut off immediately. Battery backup, of course, does not have this issue.
7. Battery Paired With Solar Can Run Indefinitely
Portable generators are limited in backup duration by the amount of fuel you have on hand. Once your supply of diesel or propane runs out, the generator will stop and leave you without power. The exception here is natural gas generators fed by an underground line.
By contrast, when battery storage is paired with solar panels, the battery has the ability to run indefinitely. By setting your household consumption equal to your solar system’s daily output, your solar battery will continue to recharge itself.
With this, you could theoretically run without grid power indefinitely, which is great for power outages and for saving money on grid electricity in the long run.
8. Home Battery Can Save You Money
A backup generator is only useful to you when you have a power outage. Even if we assume that you have three full days without power every year – a full 72 hours – that’s still less than 1% of the time.
That means you’re spending thousands of dollars for a solution that provides extremely limited benefit from a long-term perspective.
Solar panels and battery systems, however, operate every single day of the year and will save you money through load shifting and time of use savings, further reducing your electricity bill.
Oh, and when you do lose power, they still have you covered.
9. Battery Backup Enables Energy Independence
Most homeowners are attracted to the idea of being energy independent. Producing your own power while reducing dependence on the electric grid appeals to the American ideal of self-reliance.
Having a generator as a backup leaves you completely at the electric grid for electricty. Meanwhile, the combination of solar and battery backup allows you to produce, store, and use your own electricity, dramatically reducing your dependence on the local utility.
In fact, providing your own solar and battery storage can actually make your local grid more resilient. For example, 80,000 residential solar-powered batteries provided around 340 MW of power (more than a mid-sized power plant) to stave-off rolling blackouts during California’s record heatwave in early September 2022.
10. Incentives are Offered for Battery Backup
Generators are “dumb” devices that have no interoperability with the electric grid. As far as the electric utility is concerned, it makes no difference whether you have a generator or not.
Battery storage, however, are smart devices capable of dispensing power instantaneously as needed. That’s helpful to both homeowners and utilities, which is why there is a variety of incentives for installing home battery backup at the federal, state, and utility level.
At the utility level, homeowners in Massachusetts and Rhode Island can get paid $275 per kW of energy put back on the grid during peak summer hours through National Grid’s ConnectedSolutions battery program.
And Vermont’s Green Mountain Power offers up to $950 per kW of battery storage installed — equalling $9,500 for a 10 kW battery.
At the state level, California’s Self-Generation Incentive Program (SGIP) offer rebates up to $1,000 per kWh of battery storage installed — which often covers the entire cost of the home battery backup.
A the federal level, thanks to the Inflation Reduction Act, battery storage qualifies for a 30% federal tax credit through 2032. Beginning in 2023, the battery storage does not need to be connected to solar in order to qualify.
The Bottom Line: Home Battery Backup Trumps Generators
The advantages that home battery backup offers over generators are numerous and there are several types of incentives to bring down the upfront cost.
Homeowners will increasingly look to batteries rather than generators to meet their backup needs. And for the sake of public health and fighting climate change, that’s something we can all celebrate.
The most common batteries on the market today are the Tesla Powerwall, Generac, LG Chem, and Sonnen.
If you’d like to explore home battery backup for your house, get started on solar.com’s companion site, Electrum, or contact an Energy Advisor at 888-515-0326.
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